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Theophilis S. Marshall

Challenge Cup Competition
DOB: 1842 Greenock Scotland.
DOD: 4th. January 1933. StKilda, Victoria. Aged 91 years.
Secretary of The Victorian Football Association: 1882 - 1897
Carlton Vice President: 1889? - 1891
Committee Member: 1870
Carlton Captain: 1866
Career: 1866-1870

The Godfather of the Game. (see "A Deserved Tribute," see Links at the bottom of this page.)




The Scottish census of 1851 has him as of one of 10 people listed as living at the Greenock house. (20 miles N.W. Glasgow)
He is named as Theophilus Smith Marshall aged 11, born about 1840, however his death notice in The Argus has him as Theopheius Smith Marshall, which was probably a misprint.
It is not known when the family came to Melbourne.
In 1908 to celebrate the 50 years of Australian Football, The Argus published two articles on the game and in one mentions that T. S. Marshall took part in the famous 1858 Scotch College-Melbourne Grammar match.
To read this report see Pre VFL Rules of Football and scroll down the page to 1908.

Tom Marshall initially played for the Emerald Hill Football Club in 1859.
He later played for Royal Park in 1863.
The Royal Park club was founded in 1862, and is mentioned as being a "new club" in a report of matches played on 9 August 1862.

See T.S Marshall, Tribute at the bottom of this page.

1863 May 30
Royal Park played Eastern Hill at Royal Park.
Royal Park won 2-0
Marshall scored both goals and captained the Parkites.

In 1863, Royal Park vs Melbourne.
T. S. Marshall (Royal Park captain) was concerned that the bouncing the ball rule (1859) was being abused.(supposed to be bounced every 10-20 yards)
He instructed Jim E. Clarke to run as far as he can without bouncing the ball.
When Clarke ran 50 yards the Melbourne captain H.C.A. Harrison was stunned.
He asked Marshall what this meant, and Marshall replied that he wanted the rule defined.
They then agreed that the ball had to be bounced every 10 yards.

New laws in 1866 required the ball to be bounced every 10 yards.

1866 Transferred to Carlton from Royal Park at the beginning of the season, and played in the Vice-President's 20 vs the President's Twenty.
Another report said he was playing for Carlton about 1864.

1866 Captained Carlton along with Jack Conway and Harry Chadwick .

1867 In the centre and was another effective player for Carlton during the season.

1868 Outstanding player for Carlton during the season.

1869 Played in the opening match against Geelong at Royal Park Queen's Birthday May 22.

( The Carlton Story, H. Buggy and H. Bell p11,13,14,17,18)

1870 April 28
T. Marshall was elected onto the committee at the Carlton AGM.

1870 Outstanding player for the season.
(Centenary Souvenir of Carlton Football Club p9)

1871 T. S. Marshall left for the North-Eastern District of Victoria.

1881 T. S. Marshall was appointed the first Head Teacher of the newly built Kensington School No.2374. He was head master from 1881-1894.
He was also a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Militia.
Marshall instituted a Cadet Corps at the school, and trained the pupils in all aspects of Military Drill, particulary rifle shooting. The school won the Sargood Shield for rifle shooting competing against other state and private schools.
While teaching at the school and living in McCracken street he began the local Volunteer Fire Brigade.

Appears in the 1887 Carlton Football Club team photo as an official.

1887 April 2
The Argus in it's season preview says of T. S. Marshall;
"And now for the association. As last year, Mr. T. S. Marshall is honorary secretary, and a better man for the position would be hard to find. Years ago he was identified with the Carlton club, and on leaving Melbourne he carried the love of the game into the North-Eastern district.
Along the Murray valley he took a leading part in establishing some very capable twenties, and returning to Melbourne finds himself in his natural place as head of the association. And the table for attendances for last year, which were circulated at the last meeting of the association, show his interest in the game has not waned.
Nineteen meetings of the association were held last season, and Mr. Marshall was not once absent. The Permit and Umpire committee met on 22 occasions, and here again he attended every meeting, though in each case he stands alone in the enjoyment of this distinction."

1888...was stated to have done more than anyone in Victoria to foster our National game.
Three weeks later the V.F.A. presented him with a testimonial in recognition of his services as secretary.

T. S. Marshall, former Carlton Captain and vice-president, remained with the Victorian Football Association as secretary, and did not apply for the secretaryship of the new Victorian Football League when it was advertised late in 1896.

Marshall, the Association's Secretary, suggested that the V.F.A. take complete control of all clubs' finances, collecting the gate money, paying club's bills, and handing what was left over to charity.

(The Carlton Story, H. Buggy and H. Bell p79)
The Old Dark Navy Blues, Lionel Frost. p33.)

1890 June
The Carlton Football Club was in Sydney to play a match against Tasmania.
At the reception for the teams held at the town hall by the Mayor of Sydney, the brother of T. S. Marshall, Walter C. Marshall, toasted the two teams.
He had been in Sydney for 20 years and had done more than anyone to promote the game there.
The report said he was a former footballer and cricketer with Carlton and North Melbourne.

1891 June 11
T. S. Marshall was named manager of the Victorian team to play South Australia in Adelaide.
Carlton representatives were Sutton and Hutchinson.

1891 September 28
From The Age end of season review;
"It is gratifying to be able to record that Mr. T. S. Marshall, hon. sec to the Victorian Football Association, and the central figure amongst leaders of the game, has again been found at his post, active and energetic as of yore and ever anxiously striving to minimise the evil effects of those nefarious influences respecting which he has in the past boldly and frequently spoken words of warning.
His efforts to free the game from reproach have been unceasing, and what ever may be the future of Victorian football he will deservedly be recognised by posterity as one of it's most ablest law makers and worthiest supporters."

1892 May 03
The secretary of the V.F.A. Mr. Marshall wrote to the M.C.C. about a newspaper report regarding it's employment of M.F.C. footballers and hints of possible professionalism.
To read Marshall's letter, click here> http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8416438 (external link)

1894 July 13
Australian vs Rugby Football
T. S. Marshall wrote to the editor of The Broadford Courier & Reedy Creek Times in reply to an item on Australian Football.
To read his letter click here> http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article58881780 (external link)
The letter to which Marshall was replying to can be read here> http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article58881592 (external link)

1894
"Upon leaving Kensington (school) he was was appointed as Chief Fire Officer for the Country Fire Brigade, accepting a pay cut in salary £500 to £200 pa. He remained Chief Fire officer for 32 years, during which time, the number of Brigades grew from 30 to 103. His portrait is displayed in nearly every C.F.A. station in Victoria and his name revered in fire fighting circles."
(Kensington P.S. 100 year celebration pamphlet, 1981)

1902 April 17 Friday
At the V.F.A. annual meeting held at Young and Jacksons Hotel, thanks were passed to T. S. Marshall who had announced that he was leaving the V.F.A.
The meeting was chaired by former Carlton great Billy Dedman.

1906 May 03 Thursday
A meeting of the Commonwealth Rifle Association was held at the Naval and Military Club. Among those present was Captain T. S. Marshall (Vic.)

1908 Hobart's The Mercury, published The Age's tribute to T. S. Marshall.
To read the article, see Links at the bottom of this page, and click "A Deserved Tribute".

1908 April 08
Major T. S. Marshall was manager of the Australian rifle team that toured Britain and Canada. He addressed the Commonwealth Rifles Association meeting with his report of the tour.
It was intended to present Major Marshall with an illuminated address.

1918
The Argus October 11.
Sergeant R. Walter C. Marshall has been awarded the Military Medal and received a commissoned rank. He is the youngest son of T. S. Marshall. Two other sons are on active service, one was with the first landing in Gallipoli.

1924 T. S. Marshall was the timekeeper in an old players match at the M.C.G. on September 26.

1925 December 01
The Mercury (Hobart);
Melbourne, November 30
When a fire broke out in his bedroom in the Commercial Hotel, Stawell, on Saturday morning, the chief officer of the Country Fire Brigades Board (Mr. T. S. Marshall), who is aged 84 years, was almost overcome by the smoke and heat, and but for the timely assistance of the secretary of the Board (Mr. Chellew) a tragedy might have occurred.
Mr. Marshall revived when he was carried from the building, and the fire was extinguished before much serious damage had been done.

1926 July 01
At a meeting of the Country Fire Brigades Board, Mr. T. S. Marshall announced his retirement from September 30, when he will have completed 32 years of service. He will take two months leave from the end of July and intends to complete his history of the Fire Brigades Board and the brigades under it's control.

1926 - Football in the Early Days.

T. S. Marshall reminiscing on his playing days.
To read, click here> http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3786016 (external link)

1933 January 4
T. S. Marshall died suddenly at home at 4 Tennyson Street St.Kilda.
He was survived by a widow, three daughters and two sons.
His funeral was held at the Melbourne General Cemetery.

From his obituary in The Argus, January 6th, 1933.
Colonel Marshall was also closely associated with the development of the Australian game of football in Victoria.
He was once captain of the Carlton Football Club, and he was secretary of the Victorian Football Association for 20 years. His period in office ended when the League broke away from the Association.
He was a close friend of the "father of Australian football," Mr. H. C. A. Harrison, and with him Lieut.-Colonel Marshall helped to procure the codified laws of the game.
He was also responsible for the expansion of the Country Fire Brigade.
To read The Argus' obituary in full, click here> http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4518010 (external link)

1933
The Mercury in Hobart in tribute, said;
Mr. Marshall was,
Responsible for changing ends at each quarter.
Appointment of time keepers.
Payment of umpires.
Field umpire using a whistle.
Prime mover in bring about intercolonial football conferences.
Deciding the premiership by the points system.
A strong opponent of professionalism in football.
To read the Mercury's obituary click here> http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article24700925 (external link)

1950 April 01 The Argus.
In 1936 the Kensington State School (No.2374), formed an Old Scholars' Association (Marshall period)
It was formed to perpetuate the memory of the late T. S. Marshall who died in 1933.
Membership in 1950 is 400, confined to pupils who attended the school between 1880-1894.
He was head master of the school from 1881-1894.
As a memorial, a plaque and a oil painting was placed in the school main entrance hall in 1953.

The Blueseum was recently contacted (April 2011) by the principal of the Kensington Primary School, and the above works of art are still on display at the the school. Blueseum has been invited to to take photographs, and will provide some information on T. S. Marshall for the school as it prepares for it's 130 year celebration in May 2011.
Kensington Primary School is located in McCracken Street, Kensington.
The street name also has an Australian Football connection in that the McCracken brewing family were the prime movers in starting the Essendon Football Club.

Blueseum would like to contact Marshall's relatives for further information on T. S. and his brother Walter C. Marshall's story.
(See Home Page for contact details)








(Kensington P.S. Principal Mark Ryan alongside Marshall's portrait.)


(Australian Town & Country Journal N.S.W. July 30 1887 p39)






Original article (external link)
A Deserved Tribute. Click here (external link)

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